A THEORETICAL PROBLEM
At the outset of establishing animation as a means of expression, no one questioned the equality of the status of animated and feature films. On the contrary, this playful and flexible film genre gave authors greater freedom of artistic self-expression. Due to the example and models seen in Walt Disney, animation was, for a long time, associated with child viewers only. The retrieval came no earlier than in the late 60´s and early 70´s thanks to Japanese directors and in the west mainly due to Ralph Bakshi. Since that time theoretical thinking and practical fulfillment of the field of "adult animation" has been developing, interpreted as improper and incomprehensible to child audiences with respect to its content.
Animation film has always suffered from prejudice, especially in the context of Western culture. Thanks to its endearing style of caricature and production focus targeted primarily on the youngest audience, animation film has been labelled as an entertainment for children.
BLOCK OF SHORT-LENGTH ADULT ANIMATION FILMS
The selection represents an example of what is happening in the field of adult animation these days, what changes have occurred compared to the key period of the 1970s, and what is the direction of this branch in the present day. The films mirror the genre as well as nation itself.
Ralph Bakshi | USA | 1972 | 78 mins.
Fritz the cat fully enjoys the liberal atmosphere of New York during the sixties. He experiences many adventures and bizzare situations. But the revolutionary game brings quite unexpected results.
Ralph Bakshi | USA | 1977 | 80 mins.
Bakshi raised public awareness as the author of provocative films which concern motives of dangerous city streets and imply themes about urban culture. He gained such a reputation thanks to the films like Fritz the Cat, Heavy Traffic and Coonskin.
Ralph Bakshi | USA | 1975 | 100 mins.
Bakshi's films affirm the fact that adult animation doesn't always mean just a purposeless exploitation and depiction of vulgarity, nudity and violence, but it may even open up problematic areas which aren't discussed in public.
Yoshiaki Kawajiri | Japan | 2000 | 103 mins.
There is a fight between humans and vampires in a distant future. The one called D stands on both sides, he is the human-vampire mercenary who is willing to haunt anyone.
dir. BÉLA TERNOVSZKY Hungary, Canada, Germany 1986 | 96 mins
There was no other way to react to the growing paranoia of the Cold War than by using the humour which was provided in 1986 by our Hungarian comrades in a very unique variation on spy movies.
dir. MIKE JUDGE USA | 1996 | 81 mins
Beavis and Butthead, followed by the FBI horde, cross America on the way for their stolen TV.